Professor.Rajmonda Duka( Lecturer in the Department of Economics, Faculty of Economy, University of Tirana, Albania - email@example.com)
Abstract One of the most persisting differences between men and women is that of the rate of employment. In most countries, women are underrepresented on labor market. In this paper, we aim to estimate if the probability of being employed is determined only by individual characteristics, or if this probability varies among individuals in different countries due to country characteristics. We realized a cross-national analysis using data from World Value Survey 2014. The results of the study confirm that when living in a developed country the probability of being employed increases, and increases even more when living in Finland, a country with the narrower gender gap, especially for the educated individuals. Finland results to be the only country of the database that shows a higher probability of being employed for women, married women or women raising a child. Economic status has a higher effect on employment on developing countries (Albania and regional countries) and this may be one of the reasons that lay the foundation on an enlarging income gap.